Targeted Nanoparticles for Mitochondrial Medicine
Shanta Dhar, Assistant Professor of Chemistry, University of Georgia
The potential benefits of integrating nanomaterials with properties such as biodegradability, magnetization, fluorescence, and near-infrared absorption into a single object of nanoscaledimensions can lead to the development of hybrid nanocarrier platforms for simultaneous targeting, imaging, and combination therapy administration. We are developing hybrid nanoparticle (NP) systems for their potential use in organelle targeting, combination therapy of cancer, and image-guided therapy of atherothrombotic vascular diseases. Mitochondrial dysfunctions cause many human disorders. A platform technology for carrying bioactive molecules to different mitochondrial compartments could be of enormous potential benefit in medicine. We are developing rationally designed, programmable NP platform for diagnosis and targeted delivery of therapeutics for mitochondrial dysfunction related diseases. An optimized formulation for maximal mitochondrial uptake was identified through in vitro screening of a library of charge and size varied NPs and the uptake was studied by qualitative and quantitative investigations of cytosolic and mitochondrial fractions of cells treated with mitochondria-targeted blended NPs. The versatility of this platform was demonstrated by studying a variety of mitochondria-acting therapeutics for different applications. These include mitochondria targeting chemotherapeutics for cancer, mitochondrial antioxidant for disease of central nervous system, and mitochondrial uncoupler for obesity. On the cardiovascular front, we are developing a long circulating hybrid NP platform to selectively target macrophages and sense apoptosis for detection of plaque vulnerable to embolism.
Shanta Dhar, Ph.D., was born in West Bengal, India. She received her Ph.D. from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. Her graduate work was in the area of bioinorganic chemistry with the overall goal being to develop copper(II) complexes to effect photocleavage of double stranded DNA at longer wavelengths. In 2006, she came to this side of the globe and joined Johns Hopkins University as a postdoctoral fellow where she worked in the area of bioorganic chemistry with Prof. Marc M. Greenberg developing fluorescent sensors for the detection of various DNA lesions. In 2007, Shanta joined the group of Prof. Stephen J. Lippard at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and her postdoctoral studies were focused on nanocarrier-mediated delivery of platinum-based drugs for their potential applications in cancer. Shanta joined the chemistry department as an assistant professor, University of Georgia in August 2010.
Time & Location: 121 Snell Library, 4:30pm, November 25